The religious settlement under cromwell’s commonwealth allowed for a limited pluralism that favoured the puritans a number of radical puritan groups appeared, including the levelers, the diggers, the fifth monarchy men, and the quakers (the only one of lasting significance.
Religious settlement inspections of churches and clergy were carried out by bishops to make sure everyone took the oath of supremacy. The settlement was a way to moderate the relationships with surrounding countries such as the predominantly catholic france and spain, as well as the protestant dutch the church of england also granted england its own independence as it would not have to succeed to the religious pressures of other countries.
One difficulty for protestant reformers, however, was that the house of lords, including the bishops, was staunchly roman catholic another was the expectation that elizabeth would soon marry and that her future consort might wish to exert his influence over the religious settlement. Religious settlement this essay will argue that the religious settlement was relatively successful as it was broadly accepted and slowly adhered to with little opposition up until 1564 in 1564 there were challenges to it from radical protestants and in 1568 conservative catholics reacted against it. The religious settlement began to be implemented in the summer of 1559 despite the problems that sometimes arose, it proved to be a remarkable success. If religious turmoil continued after the 1559 settlement it was probably more as a result of their unwillingness to compromise as opposed to the government’s stance – though this was still obviously an issue of contention post-1559.
The settlement was intended to create stability for the nation and government, from the church of england was established by queen elizabeth as part of the elizabethan religious settlement in 1558. The elizabethan religious settlement, which was made during the reign of elizabeth i, was a response to the religious divisions in england during the reigns of henry viii, edward vi and mary i this response, described as the revolution of 1559,  was set out in two acts. Religious settlement - aqa religion became a very divisive factor in people’s lives in england when protestant ideas challenged the dominance of the catholic church of rome elizabeth offered a ‘middle way’ compromise.
Protestants discontented with the church of england formed the earliest religious settlements in north america soon, the colonies became a focal point for religious immigration as separatist puritans and others established themselves in what were to become the 13 colonies the non-separatist.
Puritanism, a religious reform movement in the late 16th and 17th centuries that sought to “purify” the church of england of remnants of the roman catholic “popery” that the puritans claimed had been retained after the religious settlement reached early in the reign of queen elizabeth i.