Thomas hobbes and john locke were both english philosophers thomas hobbes discussed and developed the social contract theory through his book leviathan the social contract theory was later supported and interpreted further by john locke.
An analysis of john locke and thomas hobbes’ social contract theories by john o’toole the right of revolution in the social contract theories of thomas hobbes and john locke is a curious topic this paper discusses the differences and similarities between the two political revolutions around the world 4 introduction. Social contract theory, is one of the oldest philosophical theories on the origin of state the original inspiration for this notion is said to have derived from the bible, covenant between god and abraham and later by the socrates in greece , but it is mostly brought up by the writings of thomas hobbes, john locke, and jean-jacques rousseau the social contract is moral and/or political obligation dependent upon a contract or agreement between the people to form society.
Locke's political theory was founded on social contract theory unlike thomas hobbes, locke believed that human nature is characterized by reason and tolerance like hobbes, locke believed that human nature allowed men to be selfish.
John locke vs thomas hobbes: founders of modern political science updated on december 25, 2017 brian middleton more rights and equality are yet two other dividing points between hobbes and locke based on hobbes' theories there is little to nothing defining right and wrong except for what the individual, in the state of nature, or the.
The social contract theories of thomas hobbes and john locke introduction thomas hobbes (1588 1679) and john locke (1632 1704) developed their political theories at a time of religious, political and social upheaval in england. The state of nature: thomas hobbes vs john locke updated on october 5, 2017 comrade joe this position of hobbes is arrived at in a systematic way that perhaps makes him the father of political science such a scientific approach is none more evident than in his invocation of galileo’s theory of the conservation of motion: that.
The state of nature is a concept used in political philosophy by most enlightenment philosophers, such as thomas hobbes and john locke the state of nature is a representation of human existence prior to the existence of society understood in a more contemporary sense. Hobbes's moral and political philosophy first published tue feb 12, 2002 substantive revision mon apr 30, 2018 the 17 th century english philosopher thomas hobbes is now widely regarded as one of a handful of truly great political philosophers, whose masterwork leviathan rivals in significance the political writings of plato, aristotle, locke, rousseau, kant, and rawls. Competing theories: hobbes & locke the world is full of stark dichotomies: good and evil, left and right, chocolate and vanilla - just to name a few political theory in the 17th century, according to many historians and philosophers, experienced a similar rift the very nature of government and sources of power was debated and even experimented upon.
Thomas hobbes (1588 1679) and john locke (1632 1704) developed their political theories at a time of religious, political and social upheaval in england they were archetypal enlightenment figures well acquainted with the scientific and philosophical concerns of their time. Sussmann, n, 2010, “how many commonwealths can leviathan swallow covenant, sovereign, and people in hobbes’s political theory”, british journal for the history of philosophy, 18 (4): 575–596 tralau, j, 2011, “hobbes contra liberty of conscience”, political theory, 39 (1): 58–84.